房屋修繕面面觀:省電節能?裝塊太陽能發電板吧

由 Mike Tsai 於 五, 2008/07/04 - 2:35am 發表

 

在省電節能的議題中,如何隔熱始終是個重要議題,也因此我們住宅會透過屋子表面的凹凸設計、加裝遮光罩、屋頂隔熱層甚至陽台盆栽來隔熱以達到降低室內溫度的效果。

但一定有人會去逆向思考:與其拒絕陽光的能量,為什麼不能加以利用呢?

如果你曾有過這樣的想法,那麼太陽能發電板或許可以助你一臂之力。

然而,加裝太陽能發電系統可不便宜(這裡講的太陽能發電系統是可以發電、蓄電的裝置,跟你過去常看到的太陽能熱水器不同喔),以目前的行情,加裝每小時可發電一度的太陽能發電系統約需30萬。(看到這邊,我相信大家已經不想看下去了)

而太陽能發電系統一天可發電幾小時則要看你家的週遭環境條件(屋頂有沒有充分的日照或者被鄰近大樓遮住),當然南北也有差距(南部當然比較好啦,夏天一天約可發電10hr)

但唯一的好消息是,目前經濟部能源局有針對民眾加裝此類設備加以補助,若升請通過的話可以補助一半!(也就是約15萬,補助的上限也是15萬)申請相關資訊請洽網址:太陽光電資訊網


至於好不好申請呢?據承辦的工研院太陽光電中心承辦人員表示:一般來說只要文件齊備、屋子的太陽能發電條件不差,應該是都可以申請到。但由於此類申請都是直接由你找的太陽能發電系統廠商幫你申請,因此我建議各位如果有考慮的話,不妨跟你找的廠商多討論。

但即使如此,我相信精打細算的各位一定還需要了解更多,據我從事太陽能發電板相關研究的朋友表示:目前太陽能板的壽命約20年。因此大家一定會去計算裝設一個這樣的系統發電20年究竟划不划算。

不過,此類發電系統的經濟效益當然不能這個簡單的算,因為:台電是可以跟你買電回去的。以目前的行情,台電每度電是跟你買8塊,但電費漲價之後可能會有所調整。但重點還是如果再生能源法通過了,發電買給台電就是一項較為划算的買賣了(一度電10元)。

以德國為例,由於政府用四倍的價錢買回再生能源的電,因此投入這塊的民眾越來越多。甚至有農夫就不種田了,直接將整塊地裝設太陽能發電板來發電賣電。根據德國的統計,再生能源發電佔總發電量的比例在去年已經達到13%。

因此,相信各位看到這裡不免去思考究竟要不要裝設太陽能發電板,我想以目前的情勢看來,電價只會越來越高,而在永續節能的大方向底下,台電勢必會以更高的價格買回再生能源的發電。因此,像德國那樣的情形在台灣不是沒有發生的可能。

因此,在家裝設太陽能發電系統短時間看起來雖然還很不划算,但如果你有能力且愛地球的話,或許不妨可以考慮。
 

有興趣的朋友也可以看看:一則新聞:太陽能熱水器價格太高,民眾安裝意願低

以及:房屋修繕觀察站:太陽能發電板也可以是遮陽板!?

 

最後補充一下,由於在生能源法通過後,舊有的補助方式有些變動,對這方面的補助有興趣的朋友,請看:

新 太陽能發電板 補助正式公告上路!

 

 

最後,補充一下,裝設太陽能板也可以透過其他政府補助方案去爭取經費

例如:民間綠建築改造

修繕補助匯整,可以參考:修繕補助

 

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宜修網修繕通: 廁所臭氣哪裡來? 要怎麼解決?

回應

Re: 房屋修繕面面觀:省電節能?裝塊太陽能發電板吧

http://www.worldjournal.com/wj-sf-news.php?nt_seq_id=1781968

舊金山市長紐森30日宣布一項鼓勵商家使用太陽能發電的計畫,希望明年此時,有更多商家使用太陽能。

該計畫的具體作法是:由市環保局派出專家,免費為商家就使用太陽能的可能性作評估,同時也檢查該商家能源使用情況,就提高使用能源效率提出建議。

市長宣布,今後數周,將邀請全市最大的1500家廠商加入「太陽能俱樂部」(Solar Founders’Circle)。紐森表示,這些商家將可能在他們的屋頂上,安裝發電總量達170千瓦的太陽能發電板。這將是目前舊金山太陽能發電量的 30倍,也相當於4萬2000個舊金山家庭的耗電量。

紐森說,舊金山的該項新措施,在推動使用再生能源、減少排放造成地球暖化廢氣的努力中,再次在全美各城市中領先群雄。他指出,舊金山早就開始了為期10年的鼓勵計畫,該計畫旨在降低居民和商家安裝太陽能發電板的費用。

為商家評估安裝太陽能發電板的計畫,獲得聯邦能源部「城市太陽能發電計畫」(Solar America City)20萬元撥款。聯邦能源部太陽能發電計畫主任盧卡斯基(John Lushetsky)說,「城市太陽能發電計畫」面對的兩項挑戰是:改善能源安全,對抗全球暖化。

根據舊金山鼓勵商家使用太陽能的計畫,專家將逐一拜訪參與此計畫的商家,查驗其屋頂是否適合安裝太陽能發電板。此外,還會分析其用電方式和電費賬單等,協助找出節省耗能的方法。

有意加入此計畫的商家,請電舊金山環保局(SF Environment Department),415-355-3715,以約定專家上門作評估的日期。

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